Research Article

Article Details

Citation:  Carlson, S.R.; Thompson, J.R.; & Monahan, J. (2020). An analysis of state Pre-Employment Transition Services policies. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 52 (1), 43-59.
Title:  An analysis of state Pre-Employment Transition Services policies
Authors:  Carlson, S.R.; Thompson, J.R.; & Monahan, J.
Year:  2020
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  In July 2014, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was signed into law, amending the Rehabilitation Act of 1998 and establishing new workforce initiatives for state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies. Final regulations were released in July 2016, requiring state VR agencies to fund and coordinate Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS). Many state VR agencies have developed policies to define and address the provision of Pre-ETS in their jurisdictions. Given the recent establishment of WIOA and its associated regulations, little is known about state Pre-ETS policies.
Purpose:  The objective of this study was to analyze state Pre-ETS policies for the purpose of understanding the impact of WIOA and Pre-ETS on students and youth with disabilities, as well as on professional practice.
Data collection and analysis:  Content analysis was used to examine 38 state Pre-ETS policies.
Findings:  Results revealed similarities and differences across states with regard to how and to what extent state policies addressed Pre-ETS requirements outlined in federal WIOA policy.
Conclusions:  This paper offers an analysis of state Pre-ETS policies, making recommendations for research, policy, and practice. Findings provided an understanding of how Pre-ETS are operationalized in policy, which forms the basis for how they will be delivered in practice.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Cerebral palsy
Chronic mental illness
Cognitive decline / dementia
Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Down syndrome
Hearing impairment
Learning disabilities
Multiple sclerosis
Muscular dystrophy
Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Severe physical disability
Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  Rural and remote communities
Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Persons with multiple disabilities (e.g., deaf-blindness, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse)
SSI and SSDI recipients
Transition-age students (14 - 22)
Urban communities
Interventions:  Accommodations
Vocational rehabilitation
Transition services
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment