Research Article

Article Details

Citation:  Jacob, U.S.; & Pillay, J. (2023). Studies related to employment of persons with intellectual disability: A systematic review. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 59 (2), 169-181.
Title:  Studies related to employment of persons with intellectual disability: A systematic review
Authors:  Jacob, U.S.; & Pillay, J.
Year:  2023
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  There are still a lot of countries that do not provide employment opportunities to people with intellectual disability (ID). Ten years after the UN passed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, it is important to review existing studies on the employment of individuals with intellectual disabilities.
Purpose:  In this study, researchers reviewed studies that examined the employment of people with intellectual disability.
Data collection and analysis:  A thorough search of various bibliographic databases identified 1005 academic papers. Ten studies on the employment of persons with intellectual disabilities met the criteria for in-depth analysis.
Findings:  Employment is vital for individuals with intellectual disability, but predetermined employment options and parent-related factors may limit their access to the labour market. Efforts must be made to ensure a seamless progression from school to work. Lack of support makes bridging the gap between individual capacity and societal demands challenging. For people with intellectual disability to increase employment opportunities, stakeholders must work together.
Conclusions:  An intervention to support and follow up on older employees with intellectual disability will be greatly appreciated.