Research Article

Article Details

Citation:  Martin, F., & Sevak, P. (2020). Implementation and impacts of the Substantial Gainful Activity Project demonstration in Kentucky. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 53 (3), 297-305.
Title:  Implementation and impacts of the Substantial Gainful Activity Project demonstration in Kentucky
Authors:  Martin, F., & Sevak, P.
Year:  2020
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  The Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) Project demonstration tested innovations to improve the employment of nonblind vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits.
Purpose:  We describe the SGA Project model components, the implementation experience in Kentucky, and the impact of the innovations on VR service and employment outcomes.
Data collection and analysis:  The evaluation used information from site visits and VR administrative data. We estimated impacts by comparing the outcomes of SSDI-only clients who applied for services at randomly assigned offices that implemented the SGA Project innovations to those who applied at other offices.
Findings:  Participants did not consistently receive all components of the innovations. Nevertheless, the innovations led to a 17 percentage-point increase in clients with a signed individualized plan for employment within 30 days of application, an 8 percentage-point increase in closures with competitive employment, and nearly 6 percentage-point increase in the number of clients with earnings at or above the SGA level.
Conclusions:  The early, positive impacts on key outcomes suggest the SGA Project innovations could hold promise for other VR agencies and for a broader set of VR clients. The evaluation illustrates the potential for random assignment demonstrations to test innovations in VR service delivery.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  SSI and SSDI recipients
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment