BY DANIELA PARDO LOS ANGELES -- In 2022, California is set to raise its minimum wage to $15 an hour. As of now, not all workers in the state will qualify for the raise. Since 1938, employers in California have been able to apply for a certificate that has allowed them to pay employees with disabilities less than the federal minimum wage.
To better understand customized employment practices, researchers conducted five focus groups with 28 professionals, including national experts and people who implement customized employment for people with disabilities. The research revealed the best practices for employment specialists to follow while assisting individuals with disabilities in obtaining employment
Scoping Review of Cost Analyses of Employment Services for Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
When we evaluate the outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in achieving competitive integrated employment, it is important to consider the cost-benefit of those services. Cost-benefit is an analysis of how much it costs to achieve a certain beneficial outcome. For CIE, we can calculate this in terms of how much it costs and benefits the individual worker or we can think about it in terms of the overall return on investment from the perspective of a taxpayer. The purpose of this scoping review was to analyze and synthesize the research on these cost-benefit analyses and what they tell us about different types of vocational services provided to individuals with IDD. This review looked at not only research articles, but also “grey literature” or reports, policy documents, and other ways that these cost-benefit analyses might have been published that might not have been published in a research journal. The review resulted in a total of 26 studies in addition to those other reports and documents. The main findings of the review were that services that were integrated in community businesses had the most benefit for how much they cost (from both the worker and the tax payer perspective) and lower benefits for sheltered workshops and services that segregated individuals with IDD.
There’s no denying that the COVID-19 pandemic has transformed the world of work. As businesses cope with talent shortages and implement diversity and inclusion (D&I) initiatives, people with autism are -seeing more employment opportunities than ever before.