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February 2022

VCU RRTC on Employment of Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

New Research Summary & Postcard

The Impact of Competitive Integrated Employment

Competitive Integrated Plain Language Summary

A Quick Look: Competitive Integrated Employment (CIE) has been well established in research and policy as the preferred outcome for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States. However, without greater documentation and accurate assessment of the impact of CIE to improve the lives of individuals with IDD, we risk greatly undervaluing this key life experience.

Subsequently this miscalculates the public policy related to CIE by not more fully investigating in its promotion. Therefore, the purpose of this scoping review was not to describe CIE as an outcome, but rather to examine CIE as a vehicle for achieving other life benefits as determined by previous literature. Specifically, the authors reviewed research to identify the level of evidence demonstrating an association between CIE and (a) economic, (b) psychological health, and (c) physical health outcomes for individual with IDD.

The review of the research literature identified 17 studies that met criteria for inclusion. Collectively, these studies indicated positive results supporting the association between CIE and various outcome constructs examined, although the level of evidence varied across studies, which incorporated a range of methodological designs, including retrospective review of records, secondary data analysis, analysis of survey data, and a variety of non- and pre-experimental measures. Continue Reading the Summary

Research PostcardOutcomes for Individuals with IDD

Competitive Integrated Employment Postcard

At a Glance!

This postcard highlights the key research findings:

  • Participants in CIE earned more than their peers in segregated settings.
  • CIE was linked to improvements in locus of control, self-determination, personal independence, autonomy, maladaptive behaviors, and quality of life.
  • All studies examining psychological and physical health outcomes reported positive findings related to those engaged in CIE.

* This summary and postcard are for general information and reference purposes. The original article is owned and copyright protected by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Citation: Taylor, J., Avellone, L., Brooke, V., Wehman, P., Inge, K., Schall, C., & Iwanaga, K. (2022). The impact of competitive integrated employment on economic, psychological, and physical health outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 1-12.

Learn more about this article and others by visiting the RRTC Research Articles Database.

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